Section 5 – Definitions

London Building Act 1930

 

In this Act save as is otherwise expressly provide therein and unless the context otherwise requires the following expressions have the meanings hereby respectively assigned to them (that is to say) :—

“adjoining owner” and “adjoining occupier” respectively mean any owner and any occupier of land buildings storeys or rooms adjoining those of the building owner;

“builder” means the person who is employed to build or to execute work on a building or structure or where no person is so employed the owner of the building or structure;

“building owner” means such one of the owners of adjoining land as is desirous of building or such one of the owners of buildings storeys or rooms separated from one another by a party wall or party structure as does or is desirous of doing a work affecting that party wall or party structure:

“external wall” means an outer wall or vertical enclosure of any building not being a party wall;

“occupier” does not include a lodger and the expressions “occupy” and “occupation” shall be construed accordingly;

“owner” includes every person in possession or receipt either of the whole or of any part of the rents or profits of any land or tenement or in the occupation of any land or tenement otherwise than as a tenant from year to year or for any less term or as a tenant at will;

“party arch” means an arch separating adjoining buildings storeys or rooms belonging to different owners or occupied or constructed or adapted to be occupied by different persons or separating a building from a public way or a private way leading to premises in other occupation;

“party fence wall “means a wall used or constructed to be used as a separation of adjoining lands of different owners and standing on lands of different owners and not being part of a building but does not include a wall constructed on the land of one owner the footings of which project into the land of another owner;

“party structure” means a party wall and a partition floor or other structure separating vertically or horizontally buildings storeys or rooms approached by distinct staircases or separate entrances from without;

“party wall” means-

(a) a wall forming part of a building used or constructed to be used for separation of adjoining buildings belonging to different owners or occupied or constructed or adapted to be occupied by different persons; or

(b) a wall forming part of a building and standing to a greater extent than the projection of the footings on lands of different owners;

London Building Act 1930